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People were often transported to the concentration camps in cattle cars.

Margot and Anne eventually were sent to the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp. They struggled to survive. They slept in unheated barracks crammed with women. They were always hungry. Both girls caught typhus. Margot died in March, 1945, and Anne died a few days later. The camp was liberated by British soldiers a few weeks later in April. The only member of the Frank family to survive was Otto Frank.