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The Franks and the Van Pels survival in the Secret Annex completely depended upon their helpers, who were all close colleagues of Otto Frank and current office staff. From left to right: Johannes Kleiman, Miep Gies, Bep Voskuijl, and Victor Kugler. These people brought them food, supplies, and news of the outside world.


This is the ground-floor warehouse, where spices were ground, weighed, and packed. Of the three men who worked there, only Bep Voskuijl's father new about the family in hiding behind the office.